Geografie. The modern city is built near the western shores of the Caspian Sea, south of the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Mountains (part of the Bigger Caucasus range). When Russiaâs reformist leader Peter the Great conquered Derbent in his Persian campaign [â¦] Derbent Derbent is a city in the southeast Russian republic of Dagestan. The first months of his service aboard the Derbent pass by in a dull monotony for Husein. Speaking in the action, Derbent Neighborhood Headman Erdal BaÅ said, "If this train does not stop here, the high-speed train will not pass here." Jewish-owned caravans used to pass through the city in this period. Darband / Derbent x. Darband/Derbent - Background. It is the location of the mythical " Gates of Alexander, " and easily one of the most impressive historical sites in Russia. The Dariel Pass Gateway of the hebrew and other tribes through the caucasus mountain range into southeastern europe in early times A well-written first-hand account of a journey through the Caucasus Mountain range, disproving the contention that it is impassable and that the Israelites could not have made such a journey during or after the Assyrian exile. Derbent, the oldest and southernmost city on Russiaâs territory, is officially marking its 2,000th anniversary â an opportunity for the residents of Dagestan to celebrate the rich cultural and historical heritage of a Republic often associated with social problems and armed extremism. Narin Gala/Naryn Kala's Pahlavi Inscription. The wall has been frequently identified with the Caspian Gates of Derbent, Russia (see below) and with the Pass of Dariel or Darial. DARBAND (Ø¯Ø±Ø¨ÙØ¯, Ar. The modren ceety is built near the wastren shores o the Caspian Sea, sooth o the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Muntains (pairt o the Bigger Caucasus range). For the district in Konya Province, Turkey, see Derbent, Konya. It stands on a narrow strip of land between the Caucasian foothills and the Caspian Sea that forms a natural pass. Derbent, the oldest city in Russia, was supposed to mark its 2000th birthday â or was it 5000th â this year, but bureaucratic wrangles and ineptitude have meant a â¦ In reality, these fortifications were built by Persian monarchs. There are 4 ways to get from Tbilisi to Derbent by train, bus or car. We were also amused by this scatter in the dates in the official history. There was no one for Husein to make friends with. Strategic Importance & Position. The geology of the area lies open for all to see and is ripe for exploration. Zoroastrianism in Derbent & Dagestan. (3) the pass of Derbend (Derbent) between the eastern end of a spur of the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. It is the southernmost town in Russia. per litre at a depth of 700 metres (say 2300 ft.). (1873) 1 5,739; (1897) 14,821. In the Middle ages, the pass occupied an important strategic place, as it was â¦ Darband's Sasanid Fortress Narin Gala/Naryn Kala. Derbent Hotel is situated in Ilgaz Mountain Pass. Narrow Pass. of Baku, in 42° 4â² N. and 48° 15â² E. Pop. Photo about The Darial Pass was historically important as one of only two crossings of the Caucasus mountain range, the other being the Derbent Pass. Derbent Hotel from Mapcarta, the free map. It occupies a narrow strip of land beside the sea, from which it climbs up the steep heights inland to the citadel of Naryn-kaleh, and is on all sides except towards the east â¦ (2) the pass of Dariel (Darial, Daryal) through the central Caucasus. Another interesting fact ascertained by the same expedition is that the amount of oxygen contained in the water decreases rapidly with the depth: off Derbent in the middle section of the sea the amount diminished from 5.6 cc. Historically, Derbent's strategic position allowed it to control Eurasian traffic, and the city boasts massive fortifications dating to the 6th century CE. Another suggestion is some mountain pass in the Taurus-Zagros Mountains, somewhere near Rhaegae, Iran, in the heart of Hyrcania. The first is a strip of flat land along the Caspian coast from Baku to Dagestan through the Derbent pass, believed to be the site where Alexander the Great constructed a wall, the Gates of Alexander, to prevent the approach of âbarbariansâ from the north. Derbent is well served by public transport, with its own harbor, a railway going south to Baku, and the Baku to Rostov-on-Don road.. To the north of the town is the monument of the Kirk-lar, or forty heroes, â¦ Derbent actually claims to be the oldest city in Russia. According to the banners and local stories, Derbent is somewhere between 2000 and 4000 years old. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea. Jews living there are mentioned in the 12 th century by *Benjamin of Tudela, and in the 13 th by the Christian traveler Wilhelm of Rubruquis. It is an accepted fact that the Alexander of history was associated only â¦ In the legendâs original form, Alexanderâs Gates are located at the Pass of Dariel. Orchards and vineyards are cultivated. It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. The Darial Pass was historically important as one of only two crossings of the Caucasus mountain range, the other being the Derbent Pass. BÄb al-AbwÄb), ancient city in DÄá¸¡estÄn on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, located at 42° 3â N and 48° 18â E at the entrance to the narrow pass (3-3.5 km wide) between the Caucasus foothills and the sea ().. Name.The ancient city must have been one of the four coastal cities of Caucasian Albania mentioned by Ptolemy in his Geography (cf. Derbent is well served bi public transport, wi its awn harbour, a railway goin sooth tae Baku, an the Baku tae Rostov-on-Don road.. Tae the north o the ceety is the monument o the Kirk-lar, or fowerty â¦ 3rd class fare starts from 1 819 roubles , you can also book 2nd class ticket from Baku to Derbent from 2 165 roubles . The territory of Derbent locks a narrow coastline referred to as the Derbent Passage or the Caspian Gate. In Derbent we met with Arkady and Arseniy Kagramyan - Armenian masters of flute-pipes and douls production. The Alexander romance identified the Gates of Alexander, variously, with the Pass of Dariel, the Pass of Derbent, the Great Wall of Gorgan and even the Great Wall of China. Step-by-step instructions (RU) Eight Century BCE Fortifications & Early History. Average fare for journeys from Baku to Derbent is 1 819 roubles. DERBENT, Dagestan â Rabbi Ovadya Isakov, the leader of Derbent's small community of Mountain Jews, was shot in the chest as he left his home on July 25. of Baku, in 42° 4' N. and 48° 15' E. Pop. The wall, also known as the Caspian Gates, has been identified with two locations: the Pass of Derbent, Russia or with the Pass of Dariel, west of the Caspian Sea. The father and the son take custom orders and repair tools together. Derbent (English) ÐÐµÑÐ±ÐµÐ½Ñ (Russ The historical Derbent Train Station of HaydarpaÅa-BaÄdat Railway Line, which has been in operation for 150 â¦ The Lun-class ekranoplan is a unique naval craft built during the Cold War that was designed to skim just above the water. Derbent (dyÄrbyÄnt`), city (1989 pop. As a result, Darial Gorge has been fortified since at least 150 BC. Tradition also connects it to the Great Wall of Gorgan (Red Snake) on its south-eastern shore. per litre at a depth of 100 metres (33 o ft.) to 0.3 2 cc. Derbent, previously romanized as Derbend, is a town within the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, placed at the Caspian Sea, north of the Azerbaijani border.